Taekwondo Terminology

TaeKwonDo Terminology

Students are encouraged to learn and understand as much Korean as possible as to maintain the proper perspective of the art and its origin. The following are some of the more frequently used terminology:

Training Hall – Do Jang Yell – Kihap
Uniform – Do Bok Rest – Shaw
Attention – Charyot Thank You – Kamsa Hamnida
Bow – Kyong Ye You’re Welcome – Chumanayo
Student – Jeja Good Bye – An Young He Sa Ho
Hello – An Yong Hasayo
Rank System Counting
White Belt / 11th Kub 1 – Hanna
Orange Belt / 10th Kub 2 – Dul
Yellow Belt / 9th Kub 3 – Set
Green Belt / 8th Kub 4 – Net
Blue Belt / 8th Kub 5 – Dasut
Purple Belt / 7th Kub 6 – Yosut
Brown Belt / 6th Kub 7 – Il gop
Brown Belt / Black Stripe / 5th Kub 8 – Yo dul
Red Belt / 4th Kub 9 – Ahop
Red Belt / Black Strip / 3rd Kub 10 – Yul
Poom Belt / 2nd Kub
Black Belt / 1st Kub

Meaning of the Color Belts

  • White – Signifies innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Tae Kwon Do
  • Yellow – Signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Tae Kwon Do foundation is being laid
  • Green – Signifies the plant growth as the Tae Kwon Do skills begin to develop.
  • Blue – Signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Tae Kwon Do progresses.
  • Red – Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.
  • Black – Opposite of white, therefore, signifying the maturity and proficiency in Tae Kwon Do.